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Topics in Sports Administration: Websites

Research Starters and Materials for Sports Management, Communications and Law

CRAAP Test- Evaluating Resources

CRAAP TEST WORKSHEET 

Use the following worksheet to help you evaluate your sources. Score each of the main categories 1 to 10 (1 = Worst; 10 = Best). Check your scores with the key at the bottom.

Currency: the timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published or posted? 
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Is the information current or out-of date for your topic?
  • Are the links functional?

Score:________

Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
  • Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper?

Score:________

Authority: the source of the information

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
  • Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
  • What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic?
  • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? For example:
    • .com (commercial)
    • .edu (educational)
    • .gov (U.S. government)
    • .org (nonprofit organization)
    • .net (network)

Score:________

Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Does the language or tone seem biased and free of emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?

Score:________

Purpose: the reason the information exists 

  • What is the purpose of the information? to inform? teach? sell? entertain? persuade?
  • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact? opinion? propaganda?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?

Score:________

 

 Total:________

45-50 Excellent

40-44 Good

 35-39 Average

 30-34 Borderline Acceptable

 Below 30 Unacceptable

Note: all credit for the CRAAP test goes to the librarians who developed it at Meriam Library at CSU Chico. 

Staying current with news and blogs

In order to stay current, think about looking for blogs and other sports law news sites. A few are listef below:

  1. Sports Law Blog - https://www.lawinsport.com/blog - links to other sports law blogs, legal blogs, sports blogs, etc.
  2. Title IX Blog - links to court cases, books, other blogs, etc.
  3. A Town Hall Discussion on Ed O'Bannon v. NCAA and the Future of College Athletics (UNH Law and Sports Illustrated) 
  4. Street & Smith's SportsBusiness Daily/Global/Journal: Click here.
  5. Always consider the following (be critical) :  ESPN, Fox Sports, NCAA web, etc.  

 

Finding Laws

Thomas (Library of Congress) -- Advanced Search, Multiple Congresses

Other Sites

Open Access Academic Journals

Reports, Government Docs, etc.