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Introduction to Academic Reading and Writing: Incorporate Research

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Use a combination of quoting, paraphrasing and summarizing to robustly support your thesis.  

Incorporate Research

Academic writing requires you to: 

  • Analyze your sources to understand the arguments they make and the information they use to support their arguments. 

  • Decide how those sources relate to your thesis. 

  • Synthesize information from sources to support, expand or challenge your own ideas.

  • Synthesize source material with your own ideas to create something original.


  • Over-summarizing. This resource explains how to use summary wisely. 

  • Over-quoting. A good rule of thumb is to keep your quoted material to 10-15% of your paper. 

  • Misinterpretation. Read your sources carefully to avoid misinterpreting or oversimplifying a source for the purposes of your paper.

Incorporate Research Contents