Skip to Main Content

Research FAQs: What is "Fake News?"

Answering Students' Most Asked Library Questions

What is Media Literacy?

Media Literacy is the ability to access, analyze, evaluate and create media in a variety of forms.

from the Center for Media Literacy

Resources for FACT-CHECKING

More Information

Educate Yourself


Excellent Example of How Internet Algorithms Can Supply Misinformation: 

"Google Snippets" from Caulfield's Web Literacy for Student Fact-Checkers  


Cognitive Bias "Cognitive biases are judgment errors that people commit due to irrational thought processes. Despite the fact that they often produce unfavorable consequences, cognitive biases are considered psychologically satisfying and convenient. Cognitive biases are often difficult to overcome because they help people simplify the world around them."  ("Cognitive bias." Salem Press Encyclopedia of Health. Salem Press)

Avoiding Cognitive Bias (© Epigeum Ltd 2012 First published in 2012 by Epigeum Ltd)

Fact-Checking 3 C's

Context, Credibility, Construction (Adapted fom John Spencer's "Problem with Fake News")

Context: When was it written?, Where does it come from?

Credibility: Is there journalistic integrity?, Does the author use credible sources?, Could it be an advertisement? Does the information corroborate with other news stories?, Compare the information to other credible sources.

Construction: Analyze the article. What is the tone, the bias? Is there a distinction between the facts and opinions? 

Media Bias Fact-Checking