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Video Tutorials: Copyright and Fair Use

Copyright & Fair Use

Video Created by Common Sense Education 

Fair Use Basics

Fair use: certain uses of copyright-protected works do not require permission. (See Title 17, section 107)

The Four Factors

The following four factors are used to determine fair use:

  1. The purpose/character of the use (eg. commercial vs. educational)*
  2. The nature of the work
  3. The amount of the material used (the greater the amount copied, the less likely it is fair use) or Substantiality (heart of the work)
  4. The effect of use on the potential market (value of the work)

* Not all academic use is considered fair use!

* If you plan to copy or scan more than the fair share, DON'T, It's against the law!

For More information visit the Copyright Law of the United States Title 17

Copyright & Fair Use


According to The Cambridge Guide to Literature in English :

Copyright is "ownership of the right of control over all possible ways of reproducing a work - a work in this context being an object which is the product of an original creative act by one or more people, in a form which makes it subject to one or other means of copying."

"copyright." The Cambridge Guide to Literature in English, edited by Ian Ousby, Cambridge University Press, 2nd edition, 2000. Credo Reference, Accessed 10 Jan. 2019.

Fair Use

According to Encyclopedia of Law and Higher Education: 

"The cornerstone of the Copyright Act is the concept of fair use, a practice that is common on college and university campuses, particularly in their libraries. Under the act, copyright attaches as soon as the original works of authors are placed into tangible media. Neither registering works with the U.S. Copyright Office nor placing copyright notices is required in order to create copyright protection for original works."

Mawdsley, Ralph D., and Mawdsley. "Fair Use." Encyclopedia of Law and Higher Education, edited by Charles J. Russo, Sage Publications, 1st edition, 2009. Credo Reference, Accessed 10 Jan. 2019.